Rotavirus from the family of Reoviridae is found world-wide and acts as the causative agent of severe diarrhoea (gastroenteritis) in almost every mammal species (especially cattle, pig, dog, cat and horse), birds and humans. Rotavirus is considered to be species specific, but can also be transmitted from species to species, then causing a rather asymptomatic course of disease.
The transmission from animal specific Rotavirus to humans is scientifically proven, so that the zoonotic potential cannot be denied.
Especially in cattle population, Rotavirus is widely spread (seroprevalence up to 100%) regardless of the diarrhoea problem. Recent studies in Germany with small animals have shown prevalences in dogs and cats of 7% and 8%, respectively.
Rotavirus is highly contagious and shed in large amounts via feces. Due to the high tenacity, the low infection dose and the short incubation period of 1.5 hours to 2 days, Rotavirus can cause severe diarrhoea (dehydration, loss of weight, acidosis) within a short time, which can induce serious onsets in group husbandry (mortality in calves up to 10%).
The awareness of the potential hazard of other live stocks / animal species as well as humans by dumping infectious agents in surface waters and agricultural used areas (fertilization) increases constantly.
This, as well as the increasing close human-animal contact with pets, is a great diagnostic challenge for the veterinarian. Using FASTest® ROTA Strip on-site allows the veterinarian a rapid and specific detection of Rotavirus. This enables the veterinarian to initiate specific therapy and prevention measures.